The North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission

Contact

Upcoming events:

NAMMCO 25

References

Asselin, N.C., Ferguson, S.H., Richard, P.R. and Barber, D.G. 2012. Results of narwhal (Monodon monoceros) aerial surveys in northern Hudson Bay, August 2011. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2012/037. iii + 23 p.


Cosens, S. E. and Dueck, L. P. 1988. Responses of migrating narwhal and beluga to icebreaker traffic at the Admiralty Inlet ice-edge, N.W.T. in 1986. Pages 39-54 in W. M. Sackinger and M. 0. Jeffries, eds. Port and ocean engineering under arctic conditions, vol. 2. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK.


Cosens, S.E. and Dueck, L.P. 1993. Icebreaker noise in Lancaster Sound, N.W.T., Canada: Implications for marine mammal behaviour. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 9:285-300.


de March, B.G.E and Stern, G. 2003. Stock separation of narwhal (Monodon monceros) in Canada based on organochlorine contaminants. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2003/079.


[DFO] Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2006. Fishery Management Plan Greenland Halibut NAFO Subarea 0, 2006-2008.


[DFO] Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2007. Development of a Closed Area in NAFO 0A to protect Narwhal Over-Wintering Grounds, including Deep-sea Corals. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Resp. 2007/002.


[DFO] Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2008. Total Allowable Harvest recommendations for Nunavut narwhal and beluga populations. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Advis. Rep. 2008/035.


[DFO] Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2010a. Stock definition of belugas and narwhals in Nunavut. DFO Can. Sci. Advis.Rep. 2009/079.


[DFO] Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2012a. Abundance and total allowable landed catch for the Admiralty Inlet narwhal stock in 2010. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2012/048.


[DFO] Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2012b. Advice on total allowable landed catch for the Baffin Bay narwhal population. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2012/021.


[DFO] Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2012c. Evaluation of Baffin Bay narwhal hunt sustainability. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2012/038.


[DFO] Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2012d. Abundance and total allowable landed catch for the Northern Hudson Bay narwhal population. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2012/028.


[DFO] Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2014. Winter range of Baffin Bay narwhals. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2013/053.


Dietz, R., Shapiro, A.D., Bakhtiari, M., Orr, J., Tyack, P.L., Richard, P., Grønborg Eskesen, I. and Marshall, G. 2007. Upside-down swimming behaviour of free-ranging narwhals. BMC Ecology 7:14.


Finley, K. J., Miller, G. W., Davis, R. A. and Greene, C. R. 1990. Reactions of belugas, Delphinapterus leucas, and narwhals, Monodon monoceros, to ice-breaking ships in the Canadian high arctic. Pages 97-117 in T. G. Smith, D. J. St. Aubin and J, R. Geraci, eds. Advances in research on the beluga whale, Delphinapterus leucas. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 224.


Garde, E., Heide Jørgensen, M.P., Hansen, S.H., Nachman, G. and Forchhammer, M.C. 2007. Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals (Monodon monoceros) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemisation. J. Mammalogy 88:49-58.


Gautier, D.L., Bird, K.J., Charpentier, R.R., Grantz, A., Houseknecht, D.W., Klett, T.R., Moore, T.E., Pitman, J.K., Schenk, C.J., Schuenemeyer, J.H., Sørensen, K., Tennyson, M.E., Valin, Z.C., Wandrey, C.J., 2009. Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas in the Arctic. Science 324 (5931), 1175–1179.


Gjertz, I. 1991. The narwhal, Monodon monoceros, in the Norwegian High Arctic. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 7:402-408.


Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., Burt, L.M., Guldborg Hansen, R., Hjort Nielsen, N., Rasmussen, M., Fossette, S. and Stern, H. 2013a. The significance of the North Water Polynya to Arctic top predators. Ambio 42:596-610.


Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., Guldborg Hansen, R., Westdal, K., Reeves, R.R. and Mosbech, A. 2013c. Narwhals and seismic exploration: Is seismic noise increasing the risk of ice entrapments? Biol. Cons. 158:50-54.


Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., Laidre, K.L., Burt, M.L., Borchers, D.L., Marques, T.A., Hansen, R.G., Rasmussen, M. and Fossette, S. 2010. Abundance of narwhals (Monodon monoceros) on the hunting grounds in Greenland. J. Mammalogy 91:1135-1151.


Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., Richard, P., Ramsay, M., and Akeeagok, S. 2002. Three recent ice entrapments of Arctic cetaceans in West Greenland and the eastern Canadian High Arctic. NAMMCO Scientific Publications. 4:143-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.7557/3.2841


Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., Richard, P.R., Dietz, R. and Laidre, K.L. 2013b. A metapopulation model for Canadian and West Greenland narwhals. Animal Cons. 16:331-343.


Jefferson, T.A., Karkzmarski, L., Laidre, K., O’Corry-Crowe, G., Reeves, R., Rojas-Bracho, L., Secchi, E., Slooten, E., Smith, B.D., Wang, J.Y. and Zhou, K. 2012. Monodon monoceros. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2.


Laidre, K. L., Heide-Jørgensen, M.P. and Orr, J. 2006. Reactions of Narwhals, Monodon monoceros, to Killer Whale, Orcinus orca, attacks in the eastern Canadian Arctic. Canadian Field Naturalist 120: 457–465. http://canadianfieldnaturalist.ca/index.php/cfn/article/view/355


Laidre, K.L. and Heide-Jørgensen, M.P. 2005a. Arctic sea ice trends and narwhal vulnerability. Biol. Cons. 121:509-517.


Laidre, K.L. and Heide-Jørgensen, M.P. 2005b. Winter feeding intensity of narwhals (Monodon monoceros). Mar. Mamm. Sci. 21:45-57.


Laidre, K.L., Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., Dietz, R., Hobbs, R.C. and Jørgensen, O.A. 2003. Deep-diving by narwhals Monodon monoceros: differences in foraging behavior between wintering areas? Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 261:269-281.


Laidre, K.L., Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., Ermold, W. and Steele, M. 2010. Narwhals document continued warming of southern Baffin Bay. J. Geophysical Res. 115:C10049, doi:10.1029/2009JC005820.


Laidre, K.L., Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., Jørgensen, O.A. and Treble, M.A. 2004. Deep-ocean predation by a high Arctic cetacean. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 61:430-440.


Lydersen, C., Martin, A. R., Gjertz, I. and Kovacs, K. M. 2007. Satellite tracking and diving behaviour of sub-adult narwhals (Monodon monoceros) in Svalbard, Norway. Polar Biol. 30:437-442.


[NAMMCO] North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission. 2006. Report of the Joint Meeting of the NAMMCO Scientific Committee Working Group and the JCNB scientific Working Group on the Population Status of Narwhal and Beluga in the North Atlantic. In: NAMMCO Annual Report 2005, pp. 219-251. 


[NAMMCO] North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission. 2010. Report of the Joint Meeting of the NAMMCO Scientific Committee Working Group and the JCNB scientific Working Group on the Population Status of Narwhal and Beluga in the North Atlantic. In: NAMMCO Annual Report 2009, pp. 338-410. 


[NAMMCO] North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission. 2012. Report of the NAMMCO expert group meeting to assess the hunting methods for small cetaceans


[NAMMCO] North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission. 2013. Report of the NAMMCO JCNB Joint Working Group on Narwhal and Beluga in the North Atlantic. In: NAMMCO Annual Report 2012. North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission, Tromsø, Norway, pp. 323-391. 


Nielsen, M.R. 2009. Is climate change causing the increasing narwhal (Monodon monceros) catches in Smith Sound, Greenland? Polar Res. 29:238-245.


Nielsen, M.R. and Meilby, H. 2013. Quotas on narwhal (Monodon monoceros) hunting in East Greenland: Trends in narwhal killed per hunter and potential impacts of regulations on Inuit communities. Hum. Ecol. 41:187-203.


Nweeia, M.T., Eichmiller, F.C. Hauschka, P.V., Donahue, G.A., Orr, J.R., Ferguson, S.H., Watt, C.A., Mead, J.G., Potter, C.W., Dietz, R., Gisueppetti, A.A., Black, S.R., Trachtenberg, A.J., Kuo, W.P. 2014. Sensory ability in the narwhal tooth organ system. The Anatomical Record 297:599-617.


Petersen, S.D., Tenkula, D. and Ferguson, S.H. 2011. Population Genetic Structure of Narwhal (Monodon monoceros). DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2011/021. vi + 20 p


Petersen, S.D., Tenkula, D., Ferguson, S.H., Kelley, T., and Yurkowski, D.J. 2012. Sex determination of belugas and narwhals: understanding implications of harvest sex ratio. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2012/019. iii + 9 p.


Richard, P.R. 2008. On determining the Total Allowable Catch for Nunavut odontocete stocks. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2008/022. iv + 12 p.


Richard, P.R. 2010. Stock definition of belugas and narwhals in Nunavut. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2010/022. iv + 14 p.


Richard, P.R., Laake, J.L., Hobbs, R.C., Heide-Jørgensen, M.P., Asselin, N.C. and Cleator, H. 2010. Baffin Bay narwhal population distribution and numbers: Aerial surveys in the Canadian High Arctic, 2002-04. Arctic 63:85-99.


Watt, C.A., Ferguson, S.H. Fisk, A., and Heide-Jørgensen, M.P. 2012b. Using stable isotope analysis as a tool for narwhal (Mondon monoceros) stock delineation. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2012/057. iv + 29 p.


Watt, C.A., Orr, J., LeBlanc, B., Richard, P. and Ferguson, S.H. 2012a. Satellite tracking of narwhals (Monodon monoceros) from Admiralty Inlet (2009) and Eclipse Sound (D010-2011). DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2012/046.


Welch, H.E., Bergmann, M.A., Siferd, T.D., Martin, K.A., Curtis, M.F., Crawford, R.E., Conover, R.J., and- Hop, H. 1992. Energy flow through the marine ecosystem of the Lancaster Sound region, Arctic Canada. Arctic 45:343–357


White, A. 2012. A synthesis of narwhal (Monodon monoceros) scientific advice and Inuit knowledge collected during Nunavut community consultations (May 25-31, 2011). DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2012/001. iv + 11 p.